Ear, Nose, & Throat Disorders: Most Popular Articles
Fluid in the ear, also called serous otitis media(SOM) or otitis media with effusion (OME), is usually the result of an ear infection, but it can occur under any condition in which the auditory tube is impaired. The auditory tube allows fluid to drain from the ear into the back of the throat. If the auditory tube becomes clogged fluid will become trapped in the middle ear space. Fluid in the ear is more common in children and can impair their development if left untreated.
Ear infections in adults can be caused by enlarged or inflamed tissues which block the Eustachian tube or swimming or bathing in contaminated water. While most ear infections in adults are outer ear infections (otitis externa), some cases of middle ear infections (otitis media) do occur.
The tonsils are part of the lymphatic system and help to filter out particles that could potentially be harmful to our bodies, including viruses and bacteria. This is just one way that the tonsils might become swollen.
After exposure to strep throat (caused by the bacteria streptococcus pyogenes, there is a 2 to 5 day period before you start to feel the symptoms of strep throat. . .
It may not seem like such a biG deal but in certain instances a swollen tongue can be an indicator of a deadly condition.
Lumps are common with many ENT disorders and can be terrifying. Often these lumps are actually swollen lymph nodes. Find out disorders that cause lumps in the ear, nose and throat.
Plugged ears can be caused by a few different things including fluid in the ear, excessive ear wax, changes in atmospheric pressure, or, if you're an eight-year-old-boy, because your best friend dared you to stick gravel in them. This article will talk about the different causes of plugged ears and what you can do about your plugged ears.
Ear drainage can be a sign of several conditions, depending on what type of fluid is coming from the ear.
Recurring strep throat can result in pain and discomfort, lost days at school or at work, and ultimately surgery. This article will explore ways to discover why you may be experiencing recurring strep throat and what you can do about it
Everything you need to know about cancer of the tonsils including symptoms, treatments, stages and more.
Ear pain can be caused by a variety of factors. This article explores different conditions that can cause ear pain and gives information on managing it.
If you're planning on a tonsillectomy, you probably want to know how long you should schedule off from work or school.
Tonsils are part of the lymphatic system. There are two that reside on each side of the throat. Indications for having your tonsils removed include frequent infection and enlargement that interferes with breathing. There are multiple methods for removing the tonsils, many designed to prevent bleeding and pain.
Strep throat symptoms include sore throat, fever, stomach ache... Strep throat is caused by the bacteria group A streptococcus and must be treated with antibiotics.
Dexilant is a medication used to treat acid reflux (also called GERD). Dexilant is different than most medications of its kind because, like an extended release type medication, one pill releases two separate doses of the medication.
A swollen uvula is uncommon and can be caused by infections of the throat, including epiglottitis, allergic reactions, and a rare condition called hereditary angioneurotic edema. This article covers these conditions as well as other causes of a swollen uvula.
There are many causes of throat pain including colds caused by viruses or strep throat, overuse of the vocal cords, smoking, acid reflux or growths. Learn when to worry, and how best to manage your throat pain whatever the cause.
Fluid in the ear can be caused by congestion from the common cold, allergies, or by anatomical conditions, such as enlarged tonsils or turbinates. Symptoms vary widely from person to person and can range from almost non-detectable to extremely debilitating.
If you've had mono you're probably wondering when it's safe for you to go back to work or school. This article has the answers you need.
Swollen tonsils can be treated a number of ways, depending on what is causing the swelling and how serious it is.
Ear ringing, or tinnitus, is often a symptom of problems in the auditory system such as hearing loss. It can be temporary or permanent and has many causes including exposure to very loud noises.
Tongue cancer is a type of oral cancer that is difficult to treat and is caused by an infection called HPV, tobacco use, genetics and other factors.
Voice loss and hoarseness are common problems and can cause missed days at work and a decrease the quality of your life. There are also many disorders that can cause these bothersome symptoms and several different remedies.
Mononucleosis, more commonly referred to as mono, is a viral infection that is spread through saliva
The opinion of medical professionals on the safety level of a tonsillectomy seems to ebb and flow. Why is it that this particular procedure seems to come in and out of fashion? What are the risks of a tonsillectomy? What are the benefits? More importantly, is it worth it for you?
Post nasal drip is a common problem that can be treated at home or by a physician with treatments as minor as using a humidifier, or as drastic as having surgery.
Symptoms of an ear infection include: pain, pressure, loss of balance, fever and more...
Bloody noses are common and caused by a variety of factors, but when does a bloody nose go from a minor annoyance to a full-blown emergency?
Neck pain can be a common symptom of the common cold, a flu virus or another infection.
There are many causes of dizziness. This article covers the most likely reasons you might be feeling dizzy.
Ear infections often require medical intervention. The way your doctor chooses to treat an ear infection depends on a variety of factors including whether or not the germ responsible for the infection has been identified and if other treatments have already proved unsuccessful.
Acid reflux cannot only cause a sore throat but other ENT disorders as well. Untreated acid reflux can lead to scare tissue in the esophagus which makes it difficult to swallow.
Ear infections or otitis media occur for a number of reasons. They are most often seen in children and certain children seem to have an affinity for developing them. To understand what an ear infection is and what may have caused it you must first understand the anatomy of the inner ear.
Ear wax (cerumen) lines the ear canal, protecting the skin from water and trapping bacteria and other debris, then expelling it. Ear wax is usually beneficial and should not be removed. However, some times an individual may produce too much ear wax which can result in a blockage.
A comprehensive article covering everything you need to know about strep; what it is, how it's treated, how long you'll be contagious and even what to do about recurring strep throat.
: Why Won't My Ears Pop? We were driving down the canyon after a hiking trip when my son started complaining
While it is unlikely that your tonsils will grow back after a tonsillectomy, both tonsil and adenoid tissue do have the ability to regenerate.
Enlarged tonsils can be caused by a number of culprits, including strep throat, common cold viruses, mono, and more. Find out what could be causing your enlarged tonsils.
Fluid in the ear is also called otitis media with effusion or serous otitis media. It occurs most often in children and can have serious repercussions on their development. It can have no symptoms and frequently goes undiagnosed but there are a few things you can do to prevent fluid in the ear.
Ear drops can be used to treat a number of ear disorders, but no matter what they are used for, it is important that they are used correctly.
Cryptic tonsils are pockets in the tonsils which accumulate food and other debris, cause bad breath and occasionally sore throat. Cryptic tonsils are also called tonsil stones, tonsilloliths, fetid tonsils and chronic caseous tonsillitis.
Vertigo is the sensation of the world spinning around you while you remain still. While there are many reasons for vertigo, many are related to problems within the inner ear.
Thousands of people have their tonsils removed safely each year in the United States, but there are risks you should know about before having a tonsillectomy.
Tonsillectomies are some of the most common surgeries in the world and while rare, bleeding after a tonsillectomy should be taken seriously.
The Epley Maneuver is a treatment for vertigo (dizziness) caused by a disorder called BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo). The Epley maneuver must be preformed by a qualified physician in a doctor's office.
CSF Rhinorrhea is a rare condition most often caused by nasal sinus surgery but also caused by birth defects and head/face injuries as well.
If you've ever had a particularly nasty bit of phlegm in the back of your throat, you've experienced post-nasal drip. Mucous traps bacteria and keeps unwanted debris out, serving an important function in immunity. Certain conditions, however, can cause build up or excessively thin secretions. Learn more about post-nasal drip and when to call your doctor about it.
Have you ever wondered why you can't eat before surgery? It's certainly not convenient or fun. Rest assured that your doctor is not out to torture you, this is why it is so important not to eat before surgery.
Strep throat can cause several problems ranging in severity from being just a nuisance to more serious long-term health compromising problems.
Everything you need to know about middle ear infections, also called otitis media, including causes, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis and prevention.
Post nasal drip is literally like a runny nose in the back of your throat, it can be caused by infections, allergies or other medical conditions and even food you eat.
Medical professionals use the term clear liquids to prescribe a specific diet intended to reduce nausea and treat other digestive disorders. You may also be instructed to drink only clear liquids before a surgical procedure requiring anesthesia.
Considering a home remedy for swimmer's ear? Find out things you can do at home to relieve your symptoms.
There are several conditions that can make it hard to swallow, including neurological problems, such as a stroke, infections, such as epiglottitis, or even scar tissue in the esophagus.
There are many causes of earaches. This article has been created to help you determine the most likely cause and solution to your ear pain.
Seasonal Allergies, or hayfever, affect more than 35 million people in the United States. Seasonal Allergies can impact your sleep and wake cycle, your moods, and cognition. Find out how you can treat and diagnose seasonal allergies.
It can be difficult to tell if your sore throat is strep throat but there are a few things which can help to differentiate the difference between a sore throat caused by a cold virus and a sore throat caused by strep.
Tonsillitis occurs when the pharangeal tonsils, located in the back of the throat become inflamed. This can be cause by an infection or allergies. Tonsillitis can cause a severe sore throat and may have to be treated with medication or surgery.
Turbinates are the portion of your nose that work to warm and moisten the air we breathe. The turbinates are filled with warm blood vessels which work to humidify the air, keeping cold air from reaching our lungs. Unfortunately these vessels can also become enlarged and be an obstruction.
The epiglottis is a small flap of cartilage attached to the end of the tongue which closes during swallowing. This prevents food particles and secretions from entering the trachea and lungs. Epiglottits is an infection of the epiglottis and surrounding tissue.
BPPV is a medical abbreviation for Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. It is a form of vertigo that is thought to be caused by calcium deposits within the inner ear.
Allergy shots may cure your allergy, but there is a considerable amount of information you need to know before deciding on this treatment.
The septum is the cartilage and bone that divides the nostrils. If the septum is deviated it means that the wall in not aligned properly and may be dividing the nostrils unevenly. Sometimes this makes it difficult to breathe out of one or both nostrils. Learn more about deviated septums.
Meniere's Disease is a cause of vertigo, (severe dizziness which causes a feeling of being off balance). It is a disorder of the inner ear which is not entirely understood and affects only one ear.
The surgical placement of ear tubes, called a myringotomy, is generally used as a treatment for chronic ear infections in children.
Home remedies for post-nasal drip are simple but can be very effective. The remedy you use should be chosen based on the consistency of your mucus (thick or thin).
Recurring strep throat can be difficult to treat, find out how to break the cycle of infection.
There are many causes of drooling. Many of them are infectious, some are caused by chronic conditions, and others are life-threatening.
Find out what might be causing your sore throat pain and how you can treat it.
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. Sinusitis can be caused by infection, allergies, or structural abnormalities. Symptoms include severe headaches, post nasal drip, congestion, and more.
First aid for minor tongue burns and information on burning tongue syndrome.
All surgeries have risks and sinus surgery is no exception. These are risks you should know about before you decide to have nasal sinus surgery.
Information on how to prevent middle ear infections, also called otitis media.
In general foods should be easy to chew and easy to swallow. Your surgeon will give you more specific instructions after surgery which supersede other advice. However, if you're looking to stock the fridge before the big day here's some things you should know.
Otalgia is the medical term for ear pain. Otalgia can be caused by a number of conditions.
Rebound congestion can be caused by frequent use of certain decongestants (medications that are used to treat a stuffy nose) and can trap you in a vicious cycle of relief and suffering.
Broken noses are almost always the result of trauma to the face. Symptoms include pain, visible deformity, bleeding and in severe cases difficulty breathing.
If you suffer from motion sickness, these seven things may help you to cope or overcome your symptoms entirely.
Swimmers ear, or otitis externa, is an infection of the outer ear. It is called swimmers ear because it is common among swimmers. Bacteria has a tendency to thrive under warm and moist conditions so water in the ear can cause an infection. This is not the same as otitis media an ear infection commonly seen in children.
Concha bulloa is an air pocket in the middle turbinate which can contribute to sinus problems and may require surgical intervention.
Coughing is a natural reflex that is important in keeping your lungs and airways clear of debris. While coughing is often not bothersome, a persistent cough that does not seem to go away is both bothersome and may be related to an illness.
Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you stop breathing during your sleep. According to the American Sleep Apnea Association more than 12 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea.
A comprehensive article describing the signs and symptoms of ENT disorders.
Vocal Cord Paralysis is a common voice disorder occurring with either one (unilateral) or both (bilateral) vocal cords. This occurs when the vocal cord(s) do not open and close appropriately. The left and right vocal cords lie directly above the trachea within the larynx or voice box.
According to the National Cancer Institute throat cancer generally includes cancer of the larynx and pharynx, oropharynx and sometimes nasopharyngeal cancer as well.
Rhinosinusitis is the inflammation of the nasal passages and sinus cavities. It causes a combination of symptoms of rhinitis (runny nose, post nasal drip, congestion) and sinusitis (headache, facial pain, toothache).
Labrynthitis is also called neurolabrynthitis, acute peripheral vestibulopathy, vestibular neuritis and vestibulopathy. The condition refers to an inflammation of the vestibular system.
CMV or cytomegalovirus, is a common virus that is spread via body fluids including saliva, tears, blood, urine, breast milk, semen and vaginal fluids. Once a person becomes infected with CMV they are infected for life.
You can prevent swimmers ear by following these easy and inexpensive tips at home.
Afrin nasal spray (oxymetazoline) is used as a decongestant for a number of illnesses, including the common cold, allergies, sinus congestion and more.
A uvulectomy is a procedure in which all or part of the uvula, the bell-shaped organ hanging from the top of the throat, is removed.
Do I Need Antibiotics for Strep Throat? Strep throat should be treated with an antibiotic to reduce the duration of symptoms, to prevent the complications associated with local spread, to prevent the rare but serious complications of untreated streptococci infections such as rheumatic fever (immune system triggered damage to heart valves) or glomerulonephritis (damaged kidneys), and reduce the spread to close contacts.
Mucous membranes line parts of the body that lead to the outside and are exposed to air.
An ear infection can happen at any time, including over the weekend. Knowing where to get help for you child's ear infection when your doctor's office is closed can make a huge difference.
A sinus infection occurs when the sinuses, which are hollow recesses in the forehead, nose and cheeks, become infected with a virus or bacteria.
Barotrauma of the ear occurs when the pressure inside of the ear does not match the pressure outside of the ear. Mismatched pressures can cause discomfort, loss of hearing or injury.
Sinus surgery becomes necessary in cases of chronic recurring sinusitis that has failed to resolve through medication or other treatment means. The goal of sinus surgery is to enlarge the sinus opening to allow for better drainage.
Fluoroscopy is a diagnostic tool used by doctors to visualize internal structures of the body.
There are actually three pairs of tonsils in the throat. The pharyngeal tonsils (adenoids), palatine tonsils (more commonly referred to as just tonsils), and the lingual tonsils which are formed from lymphatic tissue.
One of the easiest ways to prevent swimmer's ear is to use earplugs while swimming and bathing, but with a large variety on the market, how do you know which ones to choose? Here's what you should know before buying earplugs to prevent swimmer's ear.
Laryngitis is inflammation of the larynx. The inflammation causes a narrowing of the upper airways which leads to a hoarseness of voice or in some circumstances even aphonia (complete loss of voice). Laryngitis lasting less than 3 weeks is referred to as acute laryngitis and is often associated with an upper respiratory infection, which is usually viral in origin. Chronic laryngitis lasts for more than 3 weeks.
Mastoiditis is an uncommon illness that usually results from untreated ear infections.
You can prevent choking by chewing your food well, eating while sitting up, and child proofing your home. Certain medical conditions, such as acid reflux, may make it more likely that someone will choke.
There are literally hundreds of things that can cause hearing loss. This article covers the most common causes, including noise-induced hearing loss, congenital hearing loss, and hearing loss caused by infections.
: What are the symptoms of mono? : Mono , short for mononucleosis, is a condition usually caused by the
ENT is a medical abbreviation for ears, nose and throat. A doctor who specializes in treating these disorders
Congestion can occur with many disorders and illnesses can be treated in a number of different ways. Find out more about this common problem.
Prilosec is a medication used to help treat gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcers, GERD and erosive esophagitis.
Zyrtec is an over-the-counter allergy medication. Helpful information you should have before taking Zyrtec.
Mono (short for infectious mononucleosis) is a common disease among adolescents and young adults, causing a severe sore throat, enlarged tonsils and debilitating fatigue. Treatments vary.
Mono is a shortened name for infectious mononucleosis, an illness that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and diagnosed by a physician.
An adenoidectomy is the surgical removal of the adenoids. The subject of whether or not adenoids should be removed has been a topic of controversy in the medical community.
OAE stands for otoacoustic emissions which is a name for the sounds produced by the cochlea. The hearing test, which is used to diagnose problems with the cochlea, is also called OAE.
Definition of the Eustachian Tube
Vocal fold cysts generally arise when a person somehow misuses or overuses their voice. The incidence of vocal cord cysts is unknown but the incidence is much higher among individuals who use their voices as part of their profession. For example, celebrity Rachael Ray was recently diagnosed with a benign vocal fold cyst.
An individual is said to be tongue tied if they have a condition known as ankyloglossia. This means that the frenulum, the piece of tissue that connects the tongue to the floor of the mouth, is too short.
A strep test is method used to treat strep throat. There are two kinds of tests that can be used to detect the streptococcus bacteria in the throat. One is the rapid strep test, the other is a throat culture. If you have a false negative strep test your doctor will not give you an antibiotic until the throat culture comes back...
Otosclerosis is a conductive type of hearing loss involving the middle ear. The cause of hearing loss is related to abnormal bone growth of the ossicles, a group of three bones important in the function of conduction and amplification of sound waves from the outer ear to the inner ear.
The adenoids, also known as pharyngeal tonsils, are two masses of sponge-like tissue that are in the upper portion of the throat and behind the nose in the nasopharynx near the eustachian tubes. Unlike the tonsils, the adenoids are not easily visible and must be examined with special mirrors or scopes by a physician.
Tracheitis is a bacterial infection of the trachea which is most likely to affect small children.
This article explains how we hear beginning with the initial sound wave, progressing through the different parts of the ear and ending with the interpretation of sound in the brain.
ENT treatment can be handled by either a general pracitioner or an otolaryngologist (ENT). Do I need to see an ENT? An ear, nose and throat specialist can help you get up-to-date treatments for all kinds of disorders including, sinusitis, tonsillitis, chronic ear infections and more.
A ruptured ear drum occurs when the thin membrane separating the outer and middle ear.
Nasonex is a prescription allergy medication that comes in the form of a nasal spray. According to the manufacturer Nasonex helps to relieve symptoms of allergies like a runny nose, congestion, sneezing, and itchy nose.
Laryngeal Cancer is a cancer of the organ in the front of the neck between the esophagus and the trachea called the larynx and also sometimes the voice box. The larynx assists in breathing, speaking, and even swallowing. When the cells that make up the larynx begin to multiply and divide at an abnormal rate it is called laryngeal cancer.
BAER stands for brain stem auditory evoked response. BAER is a hearing test which is also sometimes called ABR (auditory brain stem response). This test is typically performed on newborn babies to test their children and is sometimes used to detect hearing loss in children and adults.
Many elderly people lose their sense of taste as the cells that make up the taste buds decline. Certain medications, injuries, and infections can also cause you to lose your sense of taste.
Sinus barotrauma occurs when divers descend too quickly. It can also occur in an airplane or any other situation where the ambient pressure suddenly changes.
Perichondritis is an infection of the tissue that surrounds and nourishes the cartilage which makes up the outer ear.
Snoring occurs when something is blocking air flow. It occurs during sleep because of the position and relaxed state your are in. Common causes of snoring include being overweight and obstructions in the airway such as tonsillitis, enlarged adenoids, or sinus problems. Snoring is also associated with a serious condition called sleep apnea.
There are many varying degrees and causes of hearing loss. In general hearing loss is categorized by three basic types depending on the area of the ear or auditory system that is damaged.
An allergen is a substance that causes an allergic reaction, (in some individuals). Some examples of common allergens are dust mites, cat dander and pollen. Sometimes individuals can have severe allergic reactions to these substances that can lead to breathing problems and even death. More often they causes bothersome symptoms such as asthma, runny nose, congestion and fatigue.
Definition of the tympanic membrane
There are many underlying causes for a stuffy nose but contrary to popular belief the nostrils are not clogged. A stuffy nose occurs when the blood vessels inside the nose become swollen.
A detailed description of turbinates, which are also sometimes referred to as nasal concha.
Sudden hearing loss is a rapid process in which hearing is lost taking up to a maximum of three days. There are several causes of sudden hearing loss and all require immediate medical treatment.
Nasal Polyps are a non-cancerous mass of tissue inside of the nose. The nose is lined with a layer of tissue called mucosa, nasal polyps occur when this tissue becomes inflamed due to a variety of illnesses.
: What Is a Frenulotomy? : Frenulotomy is a surgery used to correct a congenital condition in which the
Should I Tilt My Head Back to Stop a Nosebleed?
Many of the symptoms experienced by people with GERD and eosinophilic esophagitis overlap. While the symptoms are similar, the treatments are different. Are you being treated for GERD but really have eosiinophilic esophagitis?
Loratadine (brand name Claritin) is a medication used to treat various allergies. Loratadine is an antihistamine but unlike many other antihistamines it usually does not make you drowsy.
Find out how to find an ear, nose and throat doctor (otolaryngologist) in your area.
Doctors use many different methods to diagnose ENT disorders, including signs and symptoms, cultures, visualization with an endoscope or otoscope and sometimes imaging, such as x-rays, CT scans or an MRI.
Frequently asked questions about the common cold. What causes the common cold?
Frequently asked questions about the common cold. What causes the common cold and how long am I contagious? Find out the answers to these questions and more.
Whooping cough, also called pertussis, is a bacterial infection that causes uncontrollable coughing. The coughing can be very severe and last weeks, interfering with eating and drinking and sometimes causing vomiting. In the United States whooping cough is generally thought to be a thing of the past. However, there has recently been a significant rise in the number of whooping cough cases.
Has all the hype about ear candling left you wondering whether or not you should clean your ear wax?
ABR (Auditory-Brain Stem Response) Testing is used to evaluate the function of the auditory nerve,cochlea and hearing pathways in brain. It is routinely performed on babies and is sometimes used to detect hearing loss in adults.
Ear grommets are synthetic ear tubes that are surgically placed inside the auditory tube for the treatment of fluid in the ear.
The cochlea is the portion of the inner ear that looks remarkably like a snail shell. The cochlea is divided into three different parts which contain a fluid called perilymph and tiny sensitive hairlike projections called cilia. Learn more about the cochlea.