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Kristin Hayes, R.N.

More Parents are Passing on Childhood Immunizations

By December 8, 2011

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When Salk invented the polio vaccine parents lined up to get their children vaccinated. The prevention of a crippling and sometimes deadly disease was, to a generation who saw this illness all to often, a miracle. Fast forward to today and the number of parents who are choosing not to vaccinate their children is growing, alarmingly.

For many parents in the U.S., the hesitation to give their children routine vaccinations stems from erroneous research linking vaccinations to autism. I don't think anyone could have foreseen the damage that Andrew Wakefield caused with the publication of his study linking vaccines to autism. A decade later no one has ever been able to duplicate the results of this study. It was a small study consisting of only 14 children, riddled with errors and conflicts of interest. The Lancet, the journal that originally published the study has since retracted it and Mr. Wakefield, being found to act unethically during this study, has been stripped of his medical license. Unfortunately, the damage has already been done and what America has been left with is a public image of vaccines that has suffered immensely.

An analysis by The Associated Press showed that as many as 5% of school children in some states had not been vaccinated. No one is really sure what this information means, how many children have to pass on their shots before outbreaks occur? While health officials don't have an answer to that question, there have been recent outbreaks of vaccine preventable illnesses. In the last decade in the U.S. there have been outbreaks of measles, mumps, and whooping cough. All three of these illnesses have vaccines which children are required to have prior to entering kindergarten.

Even more worrisome is that the opinion on vaccines is very geographical. When one parent has a negative opinion of routine shots other parents in that area are also more likely to skip vaccinations. This means that while the overall percentage of children skipping shots might be low there may be certain areas in the country where the unvaccinated population exceeds 20 percent. These are prime areas for outbreaks to occur.

Health officials have been meeting to discuss campaigns promoting vaccination of all children, and some studies have shown that pediatricians play a big role in the decision of parents to vaccinate. If you have questions about your child's shots please contact your doctor. At the very least parents should educate themselves before deciding to pass on required childhood immunizations.

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Comments
December 9, 2011 at 1:26 am
(1) Maria says:

Wrong.

I’m sorry, but before writing articles based on what the popular media writes, maybe you should do some proper research?

“A decade later no one has ever been able to duplicate the results of this study.”

No, there have been studies that duplicated the research.
Try reading it for yourself, instead of repeating what the drug companies and the CDC and the Media tell you to parrot.
Here you go. Nine studies duplicating the results; none of these studies has Wakefield as an author. Wakefield’s study has been duplicated in five countries: the U.S., Italy, Venezuela, Canada and Poland. Here is the list.

December 9, 2011 at 1:27 am
(2) Maria says:

1) Gonzalez, L. et al., Endoscopic and Histological Characteristics of the Digestive Mucosa in Autistic Children with gastro-Intestinal Symptoms. Arch Venez Pueric Pediatr, 2005;69:19-25.

2) Balzola, F., et al., Panenteric IBD-like disease in a patient with regressive autism shown for the first time by wireless capsule enteroscopy: Another piece in the jig-saw of the gut-brain syndrome? American Journal of Gastroenterology, 2005. 100(4): p. 979- 981.

3) Balzola F et al . Autistic enterocolitis: confirmation of a new inflammatory bowel disease in an Italian cohort of patients. Gastroenterology 2005;128(Suppl. 2);A-303.

4) Krigsman A, Boris M, Goldblatt A, Stott C. Clinical Presentation and Histologic Findings at Ileocolonoscopy in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms. Autism Insights. 2009;1:1–11.

5) Horvath K., Papadimitriou J.C., Rabsztyn A., Drachenberg C., Tildon J.T. 1999. Gastrointestinal abnormalities in children with autism. J. Pediatrics 135: 559-563.

6) Sabra A, Hartman D, Zeligs BJ et al., Linkage of ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia (ILNH), food allergy and CNS developmental abnormalities: evidence for a non-IgE association, Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol, 1999;82:8

7) Galiatsatos P, Gologan A, Lamoureux E, Autistic enterocolitis: Fact or fiction? Can J Gastroenterol. 2009:23:95-98

8) Jarocka-Cyrta et al. Brief report: eosinophilic esophagitis as a cause of feeding problems in an autistic boy. The first reported case.J. Aut. Dev. Disord. Online July 10, 2010

Links to the available (online) studies:

http://www.nature.com/ajg/journal/v100/n4/full/ajg2005166a.html

http://www.la-press.com/clinical-presentation-and-histologic-findings-at-ileocolonoscopy-in-ch-article-a1816

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10547242

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19214283

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20625807

December 9, 2011 at 1:28 am
(3) Maria says:

Also, again, instead of parroting what the media says, try actually reading Wakefield’s study and thinking for yourself. That would be quite refreshing.
Wakefield never wrote that vaccines cause autism. He wrote in the original Lancet paper that he SUGGESTS that more research be done on the POSSIBLE connection between gastrointestinal problems and autism.
These gastrointestinal problems can be caused by the mercury that is in vaccines, and the gastrointestinal problems can affect the brain’s functioning, in a falling-domino sort of way. There are many studies that confirm that mercury affects the kidneys, intestines, etc., so no-one can deny that. Not to mention, the aluminum adjuvants increase mercury’s toxicity. The only reason that not everyone has some kind of neurological or gastrointestinal, etc., problem, is because not all people have the same genetic susceptibility that (future) autistic people do. Has it occurred to you that maybe it is not the parents that should be educated, but people like you?

Do you even know what goes inside those vaccines?
Have you ever researched anything on vaccines? Read any studies? No.

As a matter of fact, they put mercury, aluminum, formaldehyde (ooh, lovely!), and many other lovely ingredients. They also seem to like to use tissue from human aborted fetuses, not to mention all the other tissues from monkeys, mice, etc.

Please, I think that more people might be convinced of your standing on this issue if you actually researched the topic thoroughly, then found a counter-argument towards each thing. Who knows, maybe more people would vaccinate because of you! These kinds of article won’t convince anyone who refuses the vaccines to start taking them. This article repeats what every single media source repeats, and leaves out all the detailed and informative counter-arguments that alternative sources provide.

Thank you for your time.

December 9, 2011 at 1:29 am
(4) Maria says:

Also, I’m sorry, there are only eight studies that duplicated Wakefield’s findings, not nine.
Still better than none. :)

December 9, 2011 at 1:30 am
(5) Maria says:

1) Gonzalez, L. et al., Endoscopic and Histological Characteristics of the Digestive Mucosa in Autistic Children with gastro-Intestinal Symptoms. Arch Venez Pueric Pediatr, 2005;69:19-25.

2) Balzola, F., et al., Panenteric IBD-like disease in a patient with regressive autism shown for the first time by wireless capsule enteroscopy: Another piece in the jig-saw of the gut-brain syndrome? American Journal of Gastroenterology, 2005. 100(4): p. 979- 981.

3) Balzola F et al . Autistic enterocolitis: confirmation of a new inflammatory bowel disease in an Italian cohort of patients. Gastroenterology 2005;128(Suppl. 2);A-303.

4) Krigsman A, Boris M, Goldblatt A, Stott C. Clinical Presentation and Histologic Findings at Ileocolonoscopy in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms. Autism Insights. 2009;1:1–11.

5) Horvath K., Papadimitriou J.C., Rabsztyn A., Drachenberg C., Tildon J.T. 1999. Gastrointestinal abnormalities in children with autism. J. Pediatrics 135: 559-563.

6) Sabra S, Bellanti JA, Colon AR. Ileal lymphoid hyperplasia, non-specific colitis and pervasive developmental disorder in children. The Lancet 1998;352:234-5.

7) Galiatsatos P, Gologan A, Lamoureux E, Autistic enterocolitis: Fact or fiction? Can J Gastroenterol. 2009:23:95-98

8) Jarocka-Cyrta et al. Brief report: eosinophilic esophagitis as a cause of feeding problems in an autistic boy. The first reported case.J. Aut. Dev. Disord. Online July 10, 2010

December 9, 2011 at 1:43 am
(6) Maria says:

Also, right here are the counter-studies, that show that vaccines do not have any whatsoever link to autism.

http://www.14studies.org/studies.html

There are nineteen in all.

You’ll be interested to know that the logic used in these studies was the same as was used before to prove that cigarettes don’t cause lung cancer.

What they did to prove this in studies, was to compare the incidence of lung cancer among individuals that smoke, say, three packs of cigarettes a day, as opposed to four.
(I’m not sure about the numbers, but that is immaterial.)

The studies that supposedly prove that vaccines don’t have any whatsoever, not even indirect, link to autism, use the same logic. They compare incidence of autism in children that had different amounts of vaccines.

How come none of the studies have controls? These are not studies that can prove anything. There must be a study done, comparing incidence of autism of completely non-vaccinated children as opposed to vaccinated children.

December 9, 2011 at 10:49 am
(7) Pete says:

“In 1988, the UK began the country’s first mass measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunization program with a vaccine that the National Health Service knew to be defective. Canada suspended the vaccine’s license in 1987 due to adverse events, and a number of other countries also raised serious concerns about the vaccine’s safety.

Science be damned. The UK introduced the defective Urabe strain MMR vaccine and the program was a disaster. Thousands of British children suffered severe adverse reactions, and the government denied the damage.

Unknown to the public, UK regulators had indemnified at least one pharmaceutical company, the UK producer of the Urabe MMR, from civil lawsuits. The government itself, and its regulators, were on the hook for the foreseeable damage. What was already a public disaster had the potential of turning into a personal one for health officials at the highest level.

The cover-up is often worse than the crime. So it was here. Health officials could not admit the vaccine was defective. Doing so would nail the government for millions of dollars in liability and expose the dirty little “indemnity” secret regulators had so generously given the UK manufacturer.

The dam of denial seemed to be holding until Dr. Wakefield published a study suggesting a possible link between the MMR vaccine, bowel disease, and autism. (Some of the children in the study had been damaged by the Urabe MMR.) Wakefield’s paper created a firestorm. And the bastard wouldn’t shut up. Wakefield was in the papers, he was on TV, he was all over the place cautioning parents about the risk of the MMR.”

Read the entire story here;

http://www.ageofautism.com/2011/12/the-war-on-science-the-british-medical-journal-dr-wakefield.html

December 9, 2011 at 3:34 pm
(8) John Fryer says:

Before the children get MMR, they are likely to have received many vaccines including mercury ones, despite the fact that uninformed people think it is no longer there.

The public first were aware of thimerosal in 1999 when everybody agreed it was a NEUROTOXIN best not injected into tiny babies several times over. All agreed to get it out as soon as possible.

In 2011 the WHO is asking for it to be kept in our vaccines. The public demand was met with huge sums to do research to show our chemical knowledge was faulty and thimerosal was OK.

UNICEF the arm that buys vaccines can be shown to have supported faulty science before with their poisoning of a whole nation with arsenic.

Arsenic is another highly TOXIC substance and again although tested for the argument was it was HARMLESS at such small levels.

Just like organomercury perhaps?

Mercury and autism share a hundred similarities. So how come it is still in vaccines. Easy you just rubbish the work and knowledge of scientists for the past 1 000 years.

December 9, 2011 at 5:50 pm
(9) Polio1953 says:

Parental concerns regarding serious health problems linked to childhood vaccines have been triggered by suggestions that this is the case. In many instances, these concerns are promoted by those who have a vested interest in anti-vaccination lobby groups; lawyers, alternative medicine gurus, and writers of the conspiracy theory of medicine books.

Are vaccines 100% perfect? Is anything on this earth 100 % perfect? The answer to both questions is obviously no. What is the risk of having a bad reaction to a vaccine, versus the risk of getting a horrible, devastating, deadly disease?

I sometimes wonder if these anti-vaccine people have ever watched a child die from a vaccine preventable disease. It is often slow and accompanied by physical and mental torment. This torment is shared by the child, the parents, and the medical staff. I have witnessed too much of this.

I am a survivor (just barely) of polio. I spent six months in an iron lung, and three years in a rehabilitation hospital. I know how devastating polio can be. The year I contracted polio, more children died of this disease in the U. S. than of any other communicable disease.

What ended the scourge of polio? A vaccine! As recently as 1967, there were an estimated two million deaths from smallpox worldwide. What ended the scourge of smallpox? A vaccine!

Don’t tell me vaccines are bad. I have real life experience with this; not some mumbo jumbo from alternative medicine gurus and conspiracy theorist!

December 9, 2011 at 7:40 pm
(10) MinorityView says:

My parents didn’t line up their children for the polio vaccine. We were, amazingly enough, unvaccinated in the 1940s, 50s and 60s. All 5 are still alive.

Just to put it out there that vaccine critics are not a new group. My grandchildren are the 5th generation of mostly unvaxed folk in one family.

December 9, 2011 at 8:08 pm
(11) Choosing Awareness says:

AND how old are you Polio1953? How many vaccinations did you receive as a child? Have you received the same amount as a child today? I think not! Go shoot yourself up with the same amount my 2 year old should have right now and then come back to this article and tell us how the polio vaccine saved your life and tell us how you’re feeling.

My concern is the deceit from the drug companies, the doctors and medical authorities and our government. Why is there not an outbreak for every disease that has a “preventable” disease vaccine among adults? Adults don’t get boosters, adults don’t get current up to date vaccinations so where’s this proof of risking outbreak? Where are these mass deadly diseases among adults? If the claim is that the adults had their vaccinations then why are we told our children need boosters?

One more thing why are the majority of current breakouts that are so sensationalized vaccinated? The percentage in these outbreaks are 80-90 something% vaccinated for what they are sick with.

There are lots of questions that the vaccine pushers can’t answer.

December 9, 2011 at 8:20 pm
(12) Polio1953 says:

MinorityView write that his “grandchildren are the 5th generation of mostly unvaxed folk in one family.” I am happy for him. His family is very fortunate. I’m sure he realizes that not every person contracts devastating diseases. But, vaccines have nearly eliminated polio and have actually eliminated smallpox. What a gift to mankind! This gift is not recognized by some. They have benefited from this gift because other, more enlightened people have accepted the gift. Those like MinorityView have been given a free ride. They are smallpox and polio free because other people have done the responsible thing and gotten vaccinated.

December 9, 2011 at 8:52 pm
(13) MinorityView says:

Well, no, actually what happened with polio is that just about everyone got it. 92 to 96% had no symptoms at all. Most of the remaining 4% had a mild illness. A very small group, perhaps 1 in 100 to 1 in 1,000 had some degree of serious illness, from which most recovered.

So I’m sure that all 5 of us had and survived polio and ended up with permanent immunity. Without the vaccine. Which happened to be contaminated with a monkey virus, SV-40, which has been turning up in lots of human cancers ever since.

Here is the CDC reference on the polio manifestations: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/downloads/polio.pdf It is the 4th paragraph of the 1st page of the chapter.

And if someone is interested in digging deeper into the polio story, here are a couple of helpful articles on the topic:

http://insidevaccines.com/wordpress/2010/09/07/polio-causes-and-effects-part-i/

http://insidevaccines.com/wordpress/2010/10/10/polio-causes-and-effects-part-ii/

December 10, 2011 at 10:15 am
(14) Polio1953 says:

Choosing Awareness asked how old I am. I am old enough to remember when nearly 60,000 people in the U.S. contracted polio in one year. I am old enough to remember when a friend was in school one day, and the next day we learned that they had been taken to the hospital. We would learn several days later that this friend died of a disease that is now preventable. Polio is just one of many diseases that are now preventable.

I feel sorry for Choosing Awareness. He appears to belong to the “everything is a conspiracy” group. They quote from each other, and then claim this is evidence. Most of the anti-vaccine people say that, “the medical community is just in it for the money.” Yes, most of the medical industry is for-profit. So are your local grocery store, your local department store, and your local restaurant. Isn’t this what free enterprise is about? Is for-profit to be condemned?

And, yes. I have had a flu shot every year, a pneumovax, a tetanus booster, a shingles vaccine, and every vaccine that is recommended to me. I also check to make sure my car is working safely and my insurance is current. I have smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors in my home. A person could skip all of these things, but why would they? Oh, I forgot. We should avoid these things because they are advocated by safety “pushers.”

December 10, 2011 at 5:42 pm
(15) Twyla says:

Polio1953, the point is, you are also old enough that you did not receive two dozen vaccines by the age of 2. You say, “Don’t tell me vaccines are bad. I have real life experience with this…” You did not grow up with the “real life experience” of the number of vaccines babies and children receive today. And it is not simply a black & white, bad vs. good issue. Medications that can save lives can also be fatal in overdose. It’s a matter of understanding adverse reactions, and considering the genuine risks and benefits of vaccines in relation to the real risks of the diseases. We need a much better understanding of why adverse reactions to vaccines occur, how frequent they are, how to prevent them, and how to treat them — instead of just assuming that all children have an unlimited capacity to withstand dozens of vaccines, some for illnesses which are either extremely rare or extremely unlikely to cause serious complications.

It makes sense to take some risk in receiving a vaccine for a serious and prevalent disease, such as was the case for smallpox and polio. But even then these risks must be understood and studied rather than denied, in order to make vaccines as safe as possible.

December 20, 2011 at 3:36 pm
(16) ent says:

I will “parrot” what I wrote on the last blog I did regarding vaccines.

You cannot seem to resist attacking me personally – I assure you that I am thinking for myself. The anti-vaccine movement has taken on almost cult like qualities. I have been threatened, personally attacked, and my children have even been threatened, all over my views regarding vaccinations. My own daughter has autism, so there is no reason, no alternate motive, for me to side with pharma. I simply do not believe that there is any credible evidence linking vaccinations to autism.

I absolutely know what goes into vaccines. I also know that thimerosol (mercury) has been removed from all but multidose vials of vaccine serums. I am a nurse, I have worked in the nursery, given many vaccines myself, watched many babies be vaccinated, and I saw very few, if any, multi-dose vials being used for vaccinations. BTW which is it that you are so convinced causes autism, the thimerosol or the MMR vaccine specifically? Or is it both?

I have also been trained to discern between a good study and a bad, poorly conducted study. So spouting off a bunch of random studies about autistic children with stomach problems doesn’t do it for me. Yes, autistic children have A LOT of gastrointestinal issues, new studies out of my home state are showing that they are deficient in certain digestive enzymes and that replacing those enzymes not only improves gastrointestinal health but brain function and behavior problems.

Of course Wakefield ended his study saying “more research is necessary”. Anyone who knows anything about studies knows that this is a given, no credible scientific journal would publish a study that didn’t come with this liability clause. It means nothing.

December 20, 2011 at 3:43 pm
(17) ent says:

Even if you believe that Wakefield’s research is sound how can you condone all the conflict of interest? At the very least Wakefield had a responsibility to report relationships he was involved in that could influence the outcome of his research. At the very least. How can you believe anything that comes from someone who clearly has no integrity?

December 20, 2011 at 4:05 pm
(18) ent says:

Speaking of people who don’t do their research, vaccines DO NOT contain aborted fetal tissue. Some vaccines are CULTURED on cell lines that originated from aborted fetal tissue in the 1960′s (long before the incidence of autism increased). New fetal tissue has not been used since the 1960′s and there is no tissue IN the vaccine itself. The flu shot is cultured using chicken eggs but that doesn’t mean it contains eggs, in fact new research has shown that people with egg allergies can safely receive the flu shot. So stop parroting the age of autism which is a site that has a financial interest in influencing your opinion on vaccines and autism and do some research.

As far as vaccines containing mice?? Again, this is quite frankly silly. People who are concerned about vaccines cultured from the cell lines of aborted fetuses may be able to REQUEST a form of the vaccine that has been cultured using animal cells instead. It’s not like they just whip up a batch of 2 parts fetal tissue, 1 part mouse, 1 part mercury and call in a vaccine.

The catholic church commented on this in 2005, saying that they do not condone the use of new fetal tissue but that using vaccines cultured from existing cell lines is an acceptable and life saving practice. “…the burden of this important battle cannot and must not fall on innocent children and on the health situation of the population – especially with regard to pregnant women.”

So I ask you, do you know what goes into vaccines?

I laugh when people say “My kids weren’t vaccinated and they’re just fine.” Of course they are, everyone else around them IS vaccinated.

January 16, 2012 at 12:19 pm
(19) tammie says:

close
Mechanisms of aluminum adjuvant toxicity and autoimmunity in pediatric populations
L Tomljenovic1⇓
CA Shaw2
1Neural Dynamics Research Group, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
2Experimental Medicine and the Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
Lucija Tomljenovic, Post-doctoral fellow, Neural Dynamics Research Group, University of British Columbia, 828 W. 10th Ave, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L8, Canada Email: lucijat77{at}gmail.com
Abstract
Immune challenges during early development, including those vaccine-induced, can lead to permanent detrimental alterations of the brain and immune function. Experimental evidence also shows that simultaneous administration of as little as two to three immune adjuvants can overcome genetic resistance to autoimmunity. In some developed countries, by the time children are 4 to 6 years old, they will have received a total of 126 antigenic compounds along with high amounts of aluminum (Al) adjuvants through routine vaccinations.

January 16, 2012 at 12:20 pm
(20) tammie says:

close
According to the US Food and Drug Administration, safety assessments for vaccines have often not included appropriate toxicity studies because vaccines have not been viewed as inherently toxic. Taken together, these observations raise plausible concerns about the overall safety of current childhood vaccination programs. When assessing adjuvant toxicity in children, several key points ought to be considered: (i) infants and children should not be viewed as “small adults” with regard to toxicological risk as their unique physiology makes them much more vulnerable to toxic insults; (ii) in adult humans Al vaccine adjuvants have been linked to a variety of serious autoimmune and inflammatory conditions (i.e., “ASIA”), yet children are regularly exposed to much higher amounts of Al from vaccines than adults; (iii) it is often assumed that peripheral immune responses do not affect brain function.

January 16, 2012 at 12:21 pm
(21) tammie says:

However, it is now clearly established that there is a bidirectional neuro-immune cross-talk that plays crucial roles in immunoregulation as well as brain function. In turn, perturbations of the neuro-immune axis have been demonstrated in many autoimmune diseases encompassed in “ASIA” and are thought to be driven by a hyperactive immune response; and (iv) the same components of the neuro-immune axis that play key roles in brain development and immune function are heavily targeted by Al adjuvants. In summary, research evidence shows that increasing concerns about current vaccination practices may indeed be warranted. Because children may be most at risk of vaccine-induced complications, a rigorous evaluation of the vaccine-related adverse health impacts in the pediatric population is urgently needed.

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